Список литературы к
Доказательным Практическим Рекомендациям
Британского Общества Гастроэнтерологов
по диагностике и лечению острого панкреатита

1.  Corfield A, Cooper M, Williamson R. Acute pancreatitis: a lethal disease of increasing incidence. Gut 1985;26:724-729 [Abstract]. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

2.  Wilson C, Imrie C, Carter D. Fatal acute pancreatitis. Gut 1988;29:782-788 [Abstract]. Grade: III.   [Прочитать реферат]

3.  Mann D, Hershman M, Hittinger R, et al. Multicentre audit of death from acute pancreatitis. Br J Surg 1994; 81:890-893 [Medline]. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

4.  Banerjee A, Kaul A, Bache E, et al. Multicentre audit of death from acute pancreatitis [letter]. Br J Surg 1994; 81:1542. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

5.  Grimshaw J, Eccles M, Russell I. Developing clinically valid practice guidelines. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 1995; 1:37-48 [Medline]. Grade: IV   [Прочитать реферат]

6.  Eccles M, Clapp Z, Grimshaw J, et al. North of England evidence based guidelines development project: methods of guideline development. BMJ 1996; 312:760-762 [Full Text]. Grade: IV   [Прочитать реферат]

7.  Sarles H. Proposal adopted unanimously by the participants of the symposium on pancreatitis at Marseille, 1963. Bibl Gastroenterol. Vol 7. 1965:VII-VIII.Grade: IV   [Прочитать реферат]

9.  Singer M, Gyr K, Sarles H. Revised classification of pancreatitis. Gastroenterology 1985;89:683-685 [Medline]. Grade: IV   [Прочитать реферат]

10.  Bradley E. A clinically based classification system for acute pancreatitis. Arch Surg 1993;128:586-590 [Medline]. Grade: IV   [Прочитать реферат]

11.  de Dombal F, ed. The acute abdomen: definitions, diseases and decisions. Diagnosis of acute abdominal pain., 2nd edn. London: Churchill Livingston, 1991;19-30.Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

13.  Graham D. Incidence and mortality of acute pancreatitis. BMJ 1977; 2 (6102) : 1603. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

14.  Wilson C, Imrie C. Changing pattern of incidence and mortality from acute pancreatitis in Scotland, 1961-1985. Br J Surg 1990; 77 : 731-734 [Medline]. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

15.  Katchinski B, Bourke J, Giggs J, et al. Variations in the incidence and spatial distribution of patients with primary acute pancreatitis in the Nottingham defined population (1969-1985) [abstract]. Gut 1987;28:A371.Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

16.  de Bolla A, Obeid M. Mortality in acute pancreatitis. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 1984;66:184-186[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

17.  Bourke J. Incidence and mortality of acute pancreatitis. BMJ 1977;2:1668-1669.Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

18.  Whalen J, Rush B, Alcano E, et al. Fatal acute pancreatitis: a clinicopathologic analysis. Am J Surg 1971;121:16-19[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

19.  Trapnell J. Incidence and mortality of acute pancreatitis. BMJ 1977;2(6102):1603. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

20.  MRC. Death from acute pancreatitis: MRC Multicentre trial of glucagon and aprotinin. Lancet 1977;ii:632-635.Grade: Ib   [Прочитать реферат]

21.  Leese T, Holliday M, Heath D, et al. Multicentre clinical trial of low volume fresh frozen plasma therapy in acute pancreatitis. Br J Surg 1987;74:907-911[Medline].Grade: Ib   [Прочитать реферат]

22.  Mayer A, McMahon M, Corfield A, et al. A controlled clinical trial of peritoneal lavage for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis. N Engl J Med 1985;312:399-404[Abstract].Grade: IIa   [Прочитать реферат]

23.  Shader A, Paxton J. Fatal pancreatitis. Am J Surg 1966;111:369-373[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

24.  Storck G, Pettersson G, Edlund Y. A study of autopsies upon 116 patients with acute pancreatitis. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1976;143:241-245[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

25.  Facey F, Weil M, Rosoff L. The mechanism and treatment of shock associated with acute pancreatitis. Am J Surg 1966;111:374-381[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

26.  Renner I, Savage W, Pantoja J, et al. Death due to acute pancreatitis: a retrospective analysis of 405 autopsy cases. Dig Dis Sci 1985;30:1005-1018[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

27.  Buggy B, Nostrant T. Lethal pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol 1983;78:810-814[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

28.  Allardyce D. Incidence of necrotizing pancreatitis and factors related to mortality. Am J Surg 1987;154:295-299[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

29.  Fan S, Choi T, Lai C, et al. Influence of age on the mortality from acute pancreatitis. Br J Surg 1988;75:463-466[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

30.  Imrie C, McKay A, Benjamin I, et al. Secondary acute pancreatitis: aetiology, prevention, diagnosis and management. Br J Surg 1978;65:399-402[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

31.  Thompson J, Bragg L, Hodgson P, et al. Postoperative pancreatitis. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1988;167:377-380[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

32.  Beger H, Bittner R, Block S, et al. Bacterial contamination of pancreatic necrosis: a prospective clinical study. Gastroenterology 1986;91:433-438 [Abstract]. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

33.  Lumsden A, Bradley E. Secondary pancreatic infections. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1990;170:459-467[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

34.  Karimgani I, Porter K, Langevin R, et al. Prognostic factors in sterile pancreatic necrosis. Gastroenterology 1992;103:1636-1640[Abstract].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

35.  Bradley E, Allen K. A prospective longitudinal study of observation versus surgical intervention in the management of necrotizing pancreatitis. Am J Surg 1991;161:19-25[Medline].Grade: IIa   [Прочитать реферат]

36.  Rattner D, Legermate D, Lee M, et al. Early surgical debridement of symptomatic necrosis is beneficial irrespective of infection. Am J Surg 1992;163:105-110[Medline].Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

37.  Widdison A, Karanjia N. Pancreatic infection complicating acute pancreatitis. Br J Surg 1993;80:148-154 [Medline] . Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

38.  Warshaw A, Gonliang J. Improved survival in 45 patients with pancreatic abscess. Ann Surg 1985;202:408-417[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

39.  Bradley E. Management of infected pancreatic necrosis by open drainage. Ann Surg 1987;206:542-550 [Medline]. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

40. Beger H, Buchler M, Bittner R. Necrosectomy and postoperative local lavage in necrotizing pancreatitis. Br J Surg 1988; 75:207-212 [Medline]. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

41.  Subramanian S, Toh S, Johnson C. Surgery for severe acute pancreatitis [abstract]. Gut 1996;38:A797.Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

42.  Leeder P, Martin I, McMahon M. Acute pancreatitis: 144 patients treated in a tertiary referral centre [abstract]. Gut 1996;38:A796.Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

43.  Dickson A, Imrie C. The incidence and prognosis of body wall ecchymosis in acute pancreatitis. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1984;159:343-347[Medline].Grade: IV   [Прочитать реферат]

44.  Steinberg W, Goldstein S, Davis N, et al. Diagnostic assays in acute pancreatitis. Ann Intern Med 1985;102:576-580[Medline].Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

45.  Hemingway D, Johnson I, Tuffnell D, et al. The value of immunoreactive lipase in acute pancreatitis. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 1988;70:195-196 [Medline]. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

46.  Kolars J, Ellis C, Levitt M. Comparison of serum amylase, pancreatic isoamylase and lipase in patients with hyperamylasaemia. Dig Dis Sci 1984;29:289-293[Medline]. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

47.  Ventrucci M, Pezzilli R, Gullo L, et al. Role of serum pancreatic enzyme assays in diagnosis of pancreatic disease. Dig Dis Sci 1989;34:39-45 [Medline] . Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

48.  Meyers M, Evans J. Effects of pancreatitis on the small bowel and colon: spread along mesenteric planes. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1963;119:151-165.Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

49.  Woodard S, Kelvin F, Rice R. Pancreatic abscess: importance of conventional radiology. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1981; 136:871-878 [Medline]. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

50.  Silverstein W, Isikoff M, Hill M, et al. Diagnostic imaging of acute pancreatitis: prospective study using CT and sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1981;137:497-502[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

51.  McKay A, Imrie C, O'Neill J, et al. Is an early ultrasound scan of value in acute pancreatitis? Br J Surg 1982;69:369-372[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

52.  Block S, Maier W, Bittner R, et al. Identification of pancreatic necrosis in severe acute pancreatitis: imaging procedures versus clinical staging. Gut 1986;27:1035-1042[Abstract].Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

53.  Hill M, Huntington D. Computed tomography and acute pancreatitis. Gastroenterol Clin North Am 1990;19:811-842 [Medline]. Grade: IV   [Прочитать реферат]

54.  Bradley J, Bradley P, McMahon M. Diagnostic peritoneal lavage in acute pancreatitisthe value of microscopy of the lavage fluid. Br J Surg 1981;68:245-246 [Medline]. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

55.  Mayer A, McMahon M. The diagnostic and prognostic value of peritoneal lavage in patients with acute pancreatitis. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1985;160:507-512 [Medline]. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

56.  McMahon M, Playforth M, Pickford I. A comparative study of methods for the prediction of severity of attacks of acute pancreatitis. Br J Surg 1980;67:22-25 [Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

57.  Ranson J. The role of surgery in the management of acute pancreatitis. Ann Surg 1990;211:382-393 [Medline]. Grade: IV   [Прочитать реферат]

58.  Corfield A, Williamson R, McMahon M, et al. Prediction of severity in acute pancreatitis: prospective comparison of three prognostic indices. Lancet 1985; ii: 403-407. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

59.  Ferguson C, Bradley E. Can markers for pancreatic necrosis be used as indicators for surgery? Am J Surg 1990; 160:459-461 [Medline]. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

60.  Ranson J, Rifkind K, Roses D. Prognostic signs and the role of operative management in acute pancreatitis. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1974;139:69-81[Medline].Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

61.  Imrie C, Benjamin I, Ferguson J, et al. A single centre double blind trial of trasylol therapy in primary acute pancreatitis. Br J Surg 1978;65:337-341 [Medline].Grade: Ib   [Прочитать реферат]

62.  Blamey S, Imrie C, O'Neill J, et al. Prognostic factors in acute pancreatitis. Gut 1984; 25:1340-1346 [Abstract]. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

63.  Wilson C, Heads A, Shenkin A, et al. C-reactive protein, antiproteases and complement factors as objective markers of severity in acute pancreatitis. Br J Surg 1989;76:177-181 [Medline].Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

64.  Knaus W, Draper E, Wagner D, et al. APACHE II: a severity of disease classification system. Crit Care Med 1985;13:818-829[Medline].Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

65.  Wilson C, Heath D, Imrie C. Prediction of outcome in acute pancreatitis: a comparative study of APACHE II, clinical assessment and multiple factor scoring systems. Br J Surg 1990;77:1260-1264[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

66.  Larvin M, McMahon M. APACHE II score for assessment and monitoring of acute pancreatitis. Lancet 1989; ii: 201-205. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

67.  Heath D, Cruickshank A, Gudgeon M, et al. Role of interleukin-6 in mediating the acute phase protein response and potential as an early means of severity assessment in acute pancreatitis. Gut 1993;34:41-45 [Abstract]. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

68.  Dominguez-Munox J, Carballo F, Garcia M, et al. Clinical usefulness of polymorphonuclear elastase in predicting the severity of acute pancreatitis: results of a multicentre study. Br J Surg 1991;78:1230-1234 [Medline].Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

69.  Gudgeon A, Heath D, Hurley P, et al. Trypsinogen activation peptides assay in the early severity prediction of acute pancreatitis. Lancet 1990;335:4-8 [Medline]. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат] 

70.  Lankisch P, Schirren C, Otto J. Methemalbumin in acute pancreatitis: an evaluation of its prognostic value and comparison with multiple prognostic parameters. Am J Gastroenterol 1989;84:1391-1395[Medline].Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

71.  Balthazar E, Robinson D, Megibow A. Acute pancreatitis: value of CT in establishing prognosis. Radiology 1990;174:331-336 [Abstract].Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

72.  Imrie C, Whyte A. A prospective study of acute pancreatitis. Br J Surg 1975;62:490-494[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

73.  Ballinger A, Barnes E, Alstead E, et al. Is intervention necessary after a first episode of acute idiopathic pancreatitis? Gut 1996;38:293-295[Abstract]. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

74.  Lee S, Nicholls J, Park H. Biliary sludge as a cause of acute pancreatitis. N Engl J Med 1992; 326: 589-593 [Abstract].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

75.  Venu R, Geenen J, Hogan W, et al. Idiopathic recurrent pancreatitis. Dig Dis Sci 1989;34:56-60[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

76.  Davidson B, Neoptolemos J, Leese T, et al. Biochemical prediction of gallstones in acute pancreatitis: a prospective study of three systems. Br J Surg 1988;75:213-215[Medline].Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

77.  Neoptolemos J, London N, Bailey I, et al. The role of clinical and biochemical criteria and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in the urgent diagnosis of common bile duct stones in acute pancreatitis. Surgery 1987; 100:732-742. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

78.  Lankisch P. Aetiology of acute pancreatitis. In: Glazer G, Ranson J, eds. Acute pancreatitis. London: Bailliere Tindall, 1988;167-181.Grade: IV   [Прочитать реферат]

79.  Dahan P, Andant C, Levy P, et al. Prospective evaluation of endoscopic ultrasonography and microscopic examination of duodenal bile in the diagnosis of cholecystolithiasis in 45 patients with normal conventional ultrasonography. Gut 1996;38:277-281[Abstract].Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

80.  Toouli J, Di Francesco V, Saccone G, et al. Division of the sphincter of Oddi for treatment of dysfunction associated with recurrent pancreatitis. Br J Surg 1996;83:1205-1210[Medline]. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

81.  Bradley E. Contemporary management of patients with acute pancreatitis. In: Bradley E, ed. Acute pancreatitis diagnosis and therapy. New York: Raven Press, 1994;281-285.Grade: IV   [Прочитать реферат]

82.  Craig R, Dordal E, Myles L. The use of ampicillin in acute pancreatitis. Ann Intern Med 1975;83:831-832 [Medline]. Grade: Ib   [Прочитать реферат]

83.  Choi T, Mule F, Zhan W. Somatostatin in the treatment of acute pancreatitis: a prospective randomised controlled trial. Gut 1989;30:223-227 [Abstract]. Grade: Ib   [Прочитать реферат]

84.  Pederzoli P, Bassi C, Vesentini S, et al. A randomized multicenter clinical trial of antibiotic prophylaxis of septic complications in acute necrotizing pancreatitis with imipenem. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1993; 176: 480-483 [Medline]. Grade: Ib   [Прочитать реферат]

85.  Delcenserie R, Yzet T, Ducroix J. Prophylactic antibiotics in treatment of severe acute alcoholic pancreatitis. Pancreas 1996;13:198-201[Medline].Grade: IIa   [Прочитать реферат]

86.  Saino V, Kemppainen E, Puolakkainen P. Early antibiotic treatment in acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Lancet 1995;346:663-667[Medline].Grade: Ib   [Прочитать реферат]

87.  Neoptolemos J, Carr-Locke D, London N. Controlled trial of urgent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic sphincterotomy versus conservative treatment for acute pancreatitis due to gallstones. Lancet 1988;ii:979-983.Grade: Ib   [Прочитать реферат]

88.  Fan S, Lai E, Mok F. Treatment of acute biliary pancreatitis by endoscopic papillotomy within 24 hrs of admission. N Engl J Med 1993;328:228-232[Abstract/Full Text].Grade: Ib   [Прочитать реферат]

89.  Folsch U, Nitsche R, Ludtke R, et al. Early ERCP and papillotomy compared with conservative treatment for acute biliary pancreatitis. N Engl J Med 1997; 336:237-242 [Abstract/Full Text]. Grade: Ib   [Прочитать реферат]

90.  de Virgilio C, Verbin C, Chang L, et al. Gallstone pancreatitis. The role of preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Arch Surg 1994;129:909-913[Medline]. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

91.  Roy A, McAlister V, Passi RB. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreato-graphy in the management of choledocholithiasis with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Can J Surg 1993; 6:81-84  Medline]. rade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

92.  Cisek P, Greaney G. The role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the management of choledocholithiasis. Am Surg 1994;60:772-776 [Medline] .Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

93.  Rijna H, Borgstein PJ, Meuwissen SG, et al. Selective preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in laparoscopic biliary surgery. Br J Surg 1995; 82:1130-1133 [Medline]. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

94.  de Iorio A, Vitale G, Reynolds M, et al. Acute biliary pancreatitis. The roles of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreato-graphy. Surg Endosc 1995;9:392-396 [Medline] .Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

95.  de Beaux A, Carter D, Palmer K. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreato-graphy and acute pancreatitis. Gut 1996; 38:799-800 [Medline].Grade: IV   [Прочитать реферат]

96.  Vaira D, D'Anna L, Ainley C, et al. Endoscopic sphincterotomy in 1000 consecutive patients. Lancet 1989;ii:431-434.Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

97.  Perissat J, Huibregtse K, Keane F, et al. Management of bile duct stones in the era of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Br J Surg 1994; 81:799-710 [Medline]. Grade: IV   [Прочитать реферат]

98.  Tang E, Stain SC, Tang G, et al. Timing of laparoscopic surgery in gallstone pancreatitis. Arch Surg 1995;130:496-500 [Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

99.  Gerzof S, Banks P, Robbins A. Early diagnosis of pancreatic infection by computed tomography-guided aspiration.  Gastroenterology 1987; 93:1315-1320 [Abstract]. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

100.  van Sonnenberg E, Wittich GR, Casola G, et al. Percutaneous drainage of infected and noninfected pancreatic pseudocysts: experience in 101 cases. Radiology 1989; 170:757-761 [Abstract]. Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат] 

101.  Luiten E, Hop W, Lange J, et al. Controlled clinical trial of selective decontamination for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis. Ann Surg 1995;222:57-65[Medline].Grade: IIa   [Прочитать реферат]

102.  Neoptolemos J, Carr-Locke D, Leese T, et al. Acute cholangitis in association with acute pancreatitis: incidence, clinical features and outcome in relation to ERCP and endoscopic sphincterotomy. Br J Surg 1987;74:1103-1106 [Medline] .Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

103.  Davidson B, Neoptolemos J, Carr-Locke D. Endoscopic sphincterotomy for common bile duct calculi in patients with gall bladder in situ considered unfit for surgery. Br J Surg 1988;29:114-120.Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

104.  Targarona E, Ayasu R, Bordas J, et al. Randomised trial of endoscopic sphincterotomy with gallbladder left in situ versus open surgery for common duct calculi in high-risk patients. Lancet 1996;347:926-929[Medline].Grade: Ib   [Прочитать реферат]

105.  London N, Leese T, Lavelle J. Rapid-bolus contrast-enhanced dynamic computed tomography in acute pancreatitis. BMJ 1991;78:1452-1456.Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

106.  Saifuddin A, Ward J, Ridgway J, et al. Comparison of MR and CT scanning in severe acute pancreatitis: initial experiences. Clin Radiol 1993; 48:111-116 [Medline]. Grade: IIb   [Прочитать реферат]

107.  Mitchell D. MR imaging of the pancreas. Magn Reson Imaging Clin North Am 1995; 3:51-71 [Medline]. Grade: IV   [Прочитать реферат]

108.  Wilson C, McArdle C, Carter D, et al. Surgical treatment of acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Br J Surg 1988;75:1119-1123[Medline].Grade: III   [Прочитать реферат]

109.  D'Egidio A, Schein M. Surgical strategies in the treatment of pancreatic necrosis and infection. Br J Surg 1991;78:133-137[Medline].Grade: II   [Прочитать реферат] 

110.  de Beaux A, Palmer K, Carter D. Factors influencing morbidity and mortality in acute pancreatitis; an analysis of 279 cases. Gut 1995;37:121-126[Abstract].    [Прочитать реферат]